INTRODUCTION: Right ventricular (RV) infarction often occurs together with an inferior wall left ventricular infarction. However, isolated RV myocardial infarction (RVMI) is extremely rare, and is only seen in three percent of MIs. We report a case of an isolated RVMI diagnosed via electrocardiography (ECG) and turned out as severe three vessel coronary artery disease by coronary angiography.
CASE REPORT: A 42 year-old man presented with a four hour history of typical ischemic type left sided chest pain. His blood pressure was persistently elevated (178-198/118-120 mmHg), heart rate was 102 bpm and O2 saturation 99% under room air. Lungs were clear and normal heart sound with no murmur. ECG showed ST-elevation at V1-V3 with no reciprocal changes. Subsequent ECGs showed prominent ST-elevation at V1 and repeated ECG showed no evolving changes. However, chest pain persisted with a pain score of 8/10 which did not resolve despite IV nitrates. Posterior and right sided ECG was done which revealed a 2mm ST elevation at V4R-V6R suggestive of right ventricular infarction with no posterior wall involvement. Bedside ECHO revealed hypokinetic region at inferior wall only. Patient was then admitted for further stabilization.
DISCUSSION: Acute isolated RVMI is due to occlusion of the nondominant right coronary artery and may mimic anterior MI both in ECG and clinical presentation. It is likely to be underdiagnosed and easily missed. Anterior ST-elevation accompanied by obvious ST-elevation in lead V1 with no reciprocal changes in limb leads indicate the need for additional ECG recording of the right precordial lead, especially lead V4R, a realiable marker of RVMI. Absence of Q waves in the anterior precordial leads also suggest a diagnosis of RVMI.
CONCLUSION: Identifying a diagnosis of isolated RVMI is challenging. However, early diagnosis with appropriate management is needed to improve clinical outcome.
Keywords: Right ventricular infarction, ST elevation, Three vessel disease
right ventricular infarction, ST elevation, Three vessel disease
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