##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Nurul Shaliza Shamsudin Maryam Mohd Fauzi Elango Letchumanan Dashant Thiruchelvam Parthiban Chandran Segaran Ridzuan Dato Mohd Isa

Abstract

Snake bite is a common health problem in Malaysia, both in rural and urban areas. Venomous snakebites, although uncommon, are a potentially lethal emergency (1, 2). It can cause either systemic or significant local effects such as tissue edema, pain, and paresthesia of the limb, which may mimic findings of compartment syndrome (3, 4, 5). We report a case of a 26-year- old gentleman presented to Emergency Department with extensive and rapidly progressively swelling of the right forearm following a snake bite. Ultrasound Doppler of right upper limb showed subcutaneous and skin edema of right upper limb up to the axillary level, with muscular edema at the dorsum of hand. Patient was suspected to have compartment syndrome and was initially planned for fasciotomy. However he was treated with antivenom and the swelling subsequently improved. Patient responded well and he was discharged 24 hours later. The patient had a potentially limb threatening complication but not all severe local envenomation is compartment syndrome thus does not need require fasciotomy as definitive care. Pathophysiology of edema in snake bite differs of that from compartment syndrome whereby the venom is the root cause. Fasciotomy is not consider the as mainstay of snakebite treatment but reserved for patients with refractory local envenomation despite antivenom.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Snakebite, Envenomation, Anti venom, Fasciotomy

References
1. R Kincaid, S Ruppert. Rattlesnake Envenomation and Compartment Syndrome: A Case Study. The Internet Journal of Advanced Nursing Practice. 2009 Volume 11 Number 1.
2. Warrel DA. Guideline for the management of snake-bites. Regional office for south-east asia. World Health Organization. 2010.
3. Juckett G. Hancox JG. Venomous snakebites in the United States: Management Review and Update. American Family Physician. West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia. April 1st 2002. Vol: 65:7.
4. Mazer-Amirshahi et al. Elevated compartment pressures from copperhead envenomation successfully treated with antivenin. Toxicology. National Capital Poison Center. Washington FC. The Journal of Emergency Medicine. Elsevier. Vol: 46:1. p 34-37. 2014.
5. Hamdi MF et al. Upper limb compartment syndrome after an adder bite: a case report. Chinese Journal of traumatology. 13(2) – 117-119. 2010.
Section
EMAS Meeting 2018 Abtracts