Boiling Blood - Cool Down Stat
- Letcumi1, R. Rahmat2
Emergency and Trauma Department, Hospital Sultan Ismail Johor Bahru
Heat stroke is an acute life threatening emergency characterized by elevated body temperature and central nervous system dysfunction. Heat stroke results from exposure to a high environment temperature or from strenuous exercise.
Total of 121 army personals participated in strenuous physical exercise with their full armed uniform on. After completed 5KM marathon, seven of them presented with heat exhaustion and one presented with heat stroke. The previously healthy 25years old gentleman presented with temperature of 41oC and seizure. Patient was managed accordingly ABCD and intubated for ventilation. Aggressive cooling techniques were done. Cloths were removed and draped with cold towel. Ice was slush over the whole body for heat conduction. Fan was put on for evaporation of heat. Cold normal saline was infused via intravenously as well as used for gastric lavage. Patient’s blood creatinine kinase was 55 080u/L. He had hemoglobinuria. Aggressive cooling measures allowed this patient to survive despite severely raised serum creatinine and acute kidney injury from rhabdomyolysis. After 11days of hospitalization, his creatinine kinase drops to 918u/L and was discharged well.
Although it is generally agreed that rapid, effective cooling increases survival in heat stroke, there is debate on the optimal cooling method. However, there have been no controlled studies comparing the effects of these various cooling techniques on cooling times and outcome in patient with heat stroke. There are new studies in animals’ approach to modulation of heat cytotoxicity, coagulation, and the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) which leads to multi organ dysfunction.
Prompt and aggressive cooling measures in timely manner allows recovery of multi organ dysfunction thus enhancing patient’s prognosis for survival in heat stroke.
- Bouchama.MD, J.P. Knochel.MD, Heat Stroke: The New England Journal Of Medicine, June2002, Vol 346
- G.Gaudio.MD, C.K Grissom MD, Cooling Methods in Heat Stroke: The Journal Of Emergency Medicine, American Academy of Emergency Medicine, October 2015
2. F.G.Gaudio.MD, C.K Grissom MD, Cooling Methods in Heat Stroke: The Journal Of Emergency Medicine, American Academy of Emergency Medicine, October 2015